The Qatar Social and Cultural Center for the Blind organized a meeting entitled The Elected Shura Council and People with Disabilities, in which Dr. Hassan Al-Sayed – Professor of Constitutional Law at the College of Law at Qatar University lectured.
This event comes to enhance citizenship as a condition for progress, and to keep the affiliates informed of all developments and changes in the national arena, where His Highness Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani, the Emir of the State of Qatar, ratified an electoral law for the first legislative elections in the country, scheduled to be held in October Next.
During the meeting, the attendees were introduced to the Shura Council, its establishment, its role and powers, and the Shura Council’s relationship with people with disabilities through the right to vote and to run for office.
At the beginning of his speech, the lecturer defined the Shura Council, and added: The current council consists of forty-five members, and the constitution of the State of Qatar provides for the election of thirty of them by direct secret public suffrage. The Emir appoints the other fifteen members from ministers or others, and the membership of those appointed to the Shura Council ends with their resignation or dismissal.
He indicated that there are 3 documents in the Shura Council, which are:
The first constitutional document was in 1970 or the provisional basic system. This system contains provisions for the system of governance and powers. In 1972, the provisional basic system was amended, and its provisions confirmed that the State of Qatar is an independent state, and in 1998 a permanent constitution for the state was drawn up.
He stressed that it was within the competence of the Consultative Council to assume the power to legislate, approve the general budget of the State, exercise control over the executive power, propose laws and submit each proposal to the competent committee of the Council for consideration and opinion, and then submit it to the Council, as well as to the Government’s wishes on public matters.
He added that: With regard to the Council’s relationship with persons with disabilities and their right to stand for election, he said: The Permanent Constitution equates citizens in the article 34, which stipulates that citizens are equal in public rights and duties, as well as Article 42, which affirms that the state guarantees the right to nominate and elect for citizens in accordance with the law, And Article 80, which clarifies the conditions for election to membership, provided that his original nationality is Qatari, and has reached 30 years of age, is fluent in Arabic and is not subject to a final sentence for a crime against honor, honesty and other conditions, As well as the confirmation of Article 77 on the selection of 30 members by universal suffrage, which means that no citizen is excluded from the selection, including people with disabilities, regardless of their disability.
He noted the importance of the positive role of the State in enabling persons with disabilities to exercise the right to stand and vote, in terms of providing them with the means to vote or to nominate, as well as the role of the Council in discussing legislation that would enable and fulfil public rights and freedoms in general, including the rights of persons with disabilities.